The Marathi language is the official language of India's Maharashtra state, where the major city of Mumbai is located.Given Mumbai's important cultural and economic status within India, it should come as no surprise that the Marathi language is of great significance to modern India.
Ancient and medieval Maharashtra included the empires of the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Mughals and Marathas.
With roots dating as far back as the 8th century and a flourishing cultural history, Marathi has long played an important role in the country.
Marathi is classified as part of the Indo-Aryan subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages.
It has over 112 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million.
Nagpur is Maharashtra's second capital as well as its winter capital.